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CRM 3507 Community Policing


Course Description

Studies the history, theory, and practice of community policing. Reviews and discusses best practices, research, and future trends.

Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to

  • Discuss the concepts of community policing
  • Explain how community policing and problem-oriented policing are similar and different
  • Outline the historical development of the community policing model
  • Describe the theory of social bonds and how it relates to crime
  • Identify the broken window phenomenon
  • Describe how citizens and communities have been involved in community policing
  • Describe how problem solving requires changes in the way police treat incidents
  • List and describe the four stages of problem solving that are used in the SARA model
  • Identify the common pitfalls there are in making the transition to a community policing philosophy
  • Summarize the dynamics of recruiting, selecting, and retaining police officers
  • Describe why police officers may have more barriers to communication than other professionals
  • Identify what kind of beats community policing officers should be assigned to and why
  • Describe what may impede a shared vision and common goals
  • Identify what must be recognized when forming partnerships
  • Describe the components of the routine activity approach and how it relates to crime prevention and CPTED
  • Identify what effect community policing is having on crime statistics
  • Identify locations to find best practices for community policing

Week 1


Lecture: Introduction
Lecture: Policing: Review and Foundation

Outcomes

  • Identify the concepts of community policing
  • Define the two themes that are apparent in the various definitions of community policing
  • List and describe the principles Sir Robert Peel emphasized
  • List and describe the three eras of policing
  • Describe the police relationship with the community during each era
  • Describe what the professional model of policing emphasizes
  • List and describe some of the common types of crime prevention programs
  • List the four essential dimensions of community policing
  • List and describe the three generations of community policing that have been identified
  • Describe the characteristics of a mission statement
  • Identify what police spend the majority of their time doing
  • Describe how the makeup of the police force has changed in recent years
  • Identify where the police image comes from
  • Describe a negative contact
  • Identify what the public expects of the police
  • Identify what dilemma faces law enforcement
  • Describe how discretion fits into the community policing philosophy
  • Identify what ethics involves and the three ethics checks
  • Describe police organizational culture

Week 2


Lecture: Police and Community Relationship

Outcomes

  • Describe how U.S. citizens established the public peace
  • Describe a social contract
  • List and describe the ways to define community
  • Describe the theory of social bonds and how it relates to crime
  • Identify the broken window phenomenon
  • List and describe what is included in demographics
  • Identify the role organizations and institutions play within a community
  • Describe the power structures that exist within a community
  • List the issues in the criminal justice system that affect police-community relations
  • Describe restorative justice
  • Describe how citizens and communities have been involved in community policing

Week 3


Lecture: Problem Solving

Outcomes

  • Describe how problem solving requires changes in the way police treat incidents
  • Describe how efficiency and effectiveness differ; identify which community policing emphasizes
  • Identify the first step in a problem-solving approach
  • List and describe the four stages of problem solving that are used in the SARA model
  • Describe the three areas problem analysis considers
  • Describe how the magnet phenomenon occurs
  • Describe the purpose and goal of the DOC model
  • Describe crime-specific planning
  • Identify the focus of crime mapping

Week 4


Lecture: Implementing Community Policing

Outcomes

  • Identify the basic changes that are required in making the transition to community policing
  • Describe participatory leadership
  • Describe what a department’s vision should include
  • Identify who should be included in a needs assessment
  • Describe how law enforcement agencies have traditionally been organized
  • Describe which may be more important: targeting a “critical mass” of individuals or mobilizing the community at large
  • Identify what a strategic plan includes
  • Identify the most important consideration in selecting strategies to implement community policing
  • Describe whether training should be the spearhead of change
  • List and describe the most important areas to cover in training
  • Describe what transition managers should anticipate and prepare for
  • Identify the common pitfalls in making the transition to a community policing philosophy
  • Describe which impediments to community policing may need to be overcome
  • Describe the process of conducting evaluations and how failures should be viewed
  • Explain how leader-member exchange and perceived organizational support impact police retention
  • Explain how attraction-selection-attrition and "fit" impact police recruiting and selection
  • Summarize the value of a realistic job preview in police recruiting

Week 5


Lecture: Building Trust

Outcomes

  • Describe the components of the communication process
  • Identify what individual characteristics are important in the communication process
  • Identify the two critical barriers to communication in a diverse society
  • Describe why police officers may have more barriers to communication than other professionals
  • Identify what dilemma law enforcement officers face when interacting with immigrants
  • Identify the difference between prejudice and discrimination
  • List what disabilities police officers frequently encounter
  • Define hyper vigilance and explain how it affects communication and perceptions of incidents
  • Explain the difference between reality and perception

Week 6


Lecture: Forging Partnerships

Outcomes

  • Explore why police are asking the community to help them identify and prioritize crime concerns
  • Identify what kind of beats community policing officers should be assigned to and why
  • Describe what may impede a shared vision and common goals
  • Identify what must be recognized when forming partnerships
  • Identify the common criticisms of community policing and describe how these common criticisms can be addressed
  • Describe the purpose served by citizen police academies
  • Identify what key collaborators may be overlooked in community policing efforts
  • Describe what some benefits of using citizens as volunteers are
  • Identify why it can be more difficult to build partnerships in a lower income neighborhood
  • List and identify the common goal of the police and the media
  • Describe why the police-media relationship can be called symbiotic
  • Identify the amendment that guides the police in their relationship with the media
  • List and describe the legitimate reasons for not giving information to the press
  • Discuss whether it is ever appropriate or justifiable to lie to the media
  • Describe how officers can improve relations with the media
  • Describe why partnerships with the media are critical to the successful implementation of community policing

Week 7


Lecture: Lessons Learned

Outcomes

  • Describe what the most commonly implemented crime prevention programs have traditionally been
  • Identify the organizations that have concentrated their efforts on community crime prevention
  • Describe how volunteers have been used in crime prevention
  • Describe what traditional programs for youths have promoted positive police community relations and enhanced crime prevention efforts
  • Identify what a police-school liaison program is and identify its dual goals
  • Identify what components of the criminal justice system can help reduce the crime problem
  • Identify what impediments might hinder implementing community policing
  • Describe the role crime prevention plays in community policing
  • Identify what responses can address the problem of speeding in residential areas
  • Explain how community policing has addressed citizen fear of crime
  • Identify and describe what the Weed and Seed program does
  • Describe the components of the routine activity approach and how it relates to crime prevention and CPTED
  • Identify the three primary components of CPTED
  • Identify how CPTED directly supports community policing

Week 8


Lecture: The Future of Community Policing

Outcomes

  • Identify what is at the heart of experimental design
  • Identify the issues that are raised by experiments in criminal justice
  • Describe what assistance is available to departments wishing to conduct experiments
  • Explain whether or not the citizen complaints generated by community policing and traditional policing differ
  • Identify what effect community policing is having on crime statistics
  • Identify what other types of statistics might be more helpful
  • Identify locations to search for community policing and related research sources
  • Describe the six domains for risk factors from the Federal Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
  • Describe the need for program evaluation and the process of including evaluation in initial grant and/or program design

The course description, objectives and learning outcomes are subject to change without notice based on enhancements made to the course. February 2012