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CRM 4830 Organized Crime


Week #1

Module

This week we define organized crime, reveal its attributes, and compare organized crime to terrorism. We discover its origins, review its history and evolution, identify several types of organized crime groups, and compare and contrast these groups. This lesson also describes how organized crime groups collaborate with one another and identifies the three factors of third-generation street gangs.

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the various definitions of the term organized crime
  • Name and explain the attributes identified by law enforcement agencies and researchers as indicative of organized crime
  • Explain the differences between terrorism and organized crime
  • Discuss the development and influencers of organized crime in the United States
  • Differentiate organized crime vs. street gangs & terrorists
  • Explain third generation street gangs
  • Describe gang – organized crime – terrorism continuum
  • Identify similarities and dissimilarities

Lecture

Introduction:  Overview of course

Meet your instructor as he shares his qualifications and background. This lecture also outlines what the course entails and provides helpful hints to help you complete it successfully.

Lecture

Organized Crime and Comparison to Street Gangs and Terrorist Groups

In this lecture, we simplify the definition of organized crime, look at several organized crime groups, review their attributes, and identify the similarities and dissimilarities of each group.

Week #2

Module

How did American Mafia organized crime families establish themselves? This week, we discuss two major American Mafia organizational areas and review organized crime, social, and psychological theories. We also identify the recommended mindset and determine the significance of theories when studying organized crime.

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the organization and structure of New York-style American Mafia Families
  • Discuss the organization and structure of Chicago-style American Mafia groups
  • Explain the difference between members and nonmember associates
  • Describe the roles associated with the various positions within an OC group
  • Discuss various theories of crime and deviance that provide insight into organized crime
  • Define and explain Durkheim’s concept of anomie
  • Discuss Sutherland’s notion of differential association and its role in the adoption of criminality as a lifestyle
  • Discuss the interactions of culture, subculture, and norms in the development of one’s predilection for criminality
  • Explain the integration of conventional and criminal value systems in defended neighborhoods
  • Discuss social control theory
  • Explain the role of ethnic succession in the evolution of American organized crime
  • Define organized crime theory
  • Discuss socialization
  • Discuss social theories
  • Analyze psychological theories
  • Define learning theories

Lecture

The Mindset Needed to Study Organized Crime

In this lecture, we analyze numerous theories regarding organized crime, such as strain theory, differential association, differential opportunity, social control theory, and psychoanalytic theory.

Week #3

Module

This week, we identify the five levels of organized crime and public corruption and discuss how organized crime infiltrates politics and government agencies. We also explore the history, evolution, structure, and impact of the Mafia. What's the difference between the traditional Mafia and the new Mafia?

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Distinguish between the mafia as a concept and the Mafia as an organization
  • Discuss the repressive conditions endured by the peasants of Mezzogiorno under foreign rule and after Italian unification
  • Explain the evolution of the Sicilian Mafia
  • Discuss the relationship between the Mafia and the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini
  • Describe the development of the “new” Mafia after the Second World War
  • Discuss the impact of the Mafia on Italian politics
  • Explain the decline of the Mafia
  • Explain the structure of the Mafia
  • Discuss the differences between the Mafia, the Camorra, and the ’Ndrangheta

Lecture

Involvement of Organized Crime in Politics

In this lecture, we discuss the connection between organized crime groups and politics, including, how it happens, what results, and how to prevent it.

Week #4

Module

We focus on Latin American and African American gangs and identify some of the major players. This lesson reveals how these gangs came about and outlines their history and characteristics. We also take a look at drug and other trafficking, discuss police issues with and responses to gangs, and explore how injunctions are used as a legal tool to minimize gangs.

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the violence routinely associated with Columbian criminal organizations
  • Explain the evolution of the drug industry in Mexico
  • Explain the evolution of the drug industry in the various Latin American countries discussed in the text
  • Discuss the acceptance of corruption as a way of life in Mexican society
  • Explain the role Cuba played in the growth of drug trade in the United States
  • Discuss the politics of dope in Columbia
  • Discuss the impact of the Medellin and Cali cartels during the early explosive growth of the drug trade in the United States
  • Explain the Dominican Republic’s role in smuggling drugs into the United States
  • Explain the concerns of American law enforcement agencies over Mara Salvatrucha
  • Discuss the history of black organized crime in the United States
  • Explain the Nigerian advance fee scam
  • Differentiate cultural and entrepreneurial gangs
  • Discuss the impact of Frank Lucas and his Country Boy organization on the heroin business in the U.S
  • Explain how Jamaican posses differ from other trafficking groups
  • Briefly discuss the expansion efforts of the Bloods and the Crips

Lecture

Race and Ethnicity as it Relates to Gangs and Organized Crime

Do gangs generally cross race and ethnic lines? We take a look at the statistics to answer this question and discuss some of the more prominent gangs.

Week #5

Module

We examine whether it helps or hurts for organized crime group members to be foreigners. We also take a closer look at Asian and Russian organized crime and delve into the history and evolution of these groups. What major changes took place in Russian organized crime after the collapse of Communism?

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the symbiotic relationship between the law and organized crime in Asia
  • Discuss the history and evolution of the yakuza
  • Explain the range and scope of the yakuza’s business enterprises
  • Discuss the history of the Chinese Triads and tongs
  • Discuss the history and evolution of Asian gangs
  • Explain the factors that reduced the available cohort of members for Asian gangs
  • Discuss the history of organized crime in Russia under Communism
  • Explain how organized crime in Russia has changed since Communism’s collapse
  • Explain how the sudden onset of a market economy gave rise to unrestrained aspirations – the classic condition Émile Durkheim referred to as anomie
  • Discuss the history, structure and culture of the vory and its role in Russian organized crime
  • Explain the role of sports clubs and fitness centers in the emergence of the Russian Mafiya
  • Discuss how ethnic Chechen criminals have adapted to the collapse of the former Soviet Union
  • Discuss how Russian organized crime is establishing operations in the U.S.

Lecture

Does Being a Foreigner Help or Hurt Organized Crime Group Members?

In this lecture, we outline the challenges an organized crime member may face in America, including becoming a citizen, overcoming the language barrier, understanding the culture, and establishing a network. How do these factors help or hurt?

Week #6

Module

What percentage of motorcyclists are a part of outlaw motorcycle gangs? This week, we identify the most prominent motorcycle gangs, outline the history, and provide a brief overview of each. We also explore the three-step process for becoming a member and identify outlaw rivalries, along with outlaw reach and activities.

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Describe the history and evolution of outlaw motorcycle clubs
  • Explain the evolution of the Hell’s Angels from their founding to their designation as an organized crime group
  • Describe the history of each of the “Big Four” organizations
  • Discuss the introduction and growth of outlaw motorcycle clubs in Canada
  • Explain and analyze the typical structure of an outlaw motorcycle club
  • Explain the business practices of outlaw motorcycle clubs, emphasizing their dominance in the production and distribution of methamphetamine
  • Discuss the Aryan Brotherhood

Lecture

Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

How did outlaw motorcycle gangs evolve? In this lecture, we discover what an outlaw motorcycle gang is, review their characteristics, and identify the five top outlaw motorcycle gangs.

Week #7

Module

Throughout this lesson, we examine drug business history, outline anti-drug legislation's evolution and impact, and determine the origins of several drugs. We explore organized labor and determine its connection with organized crime, review why and how money laundering is done, and consider the reasoning behind criminals migrating to legitimate business.

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the history of the drug business, both worldwide and in the United States
  • Explain how opium, morphine, heroin, and cocaine came to be
  • Discuss the role of England and France in establishing opium trade on a global scale
  • Discuss the evolution of anti-drug legislation in the United States
  • Discuss the impact of the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act of 1914
  • Explain the roles of the Golden Triangle and the Golden Crescent in worldwide heroin trade
  • Discuss the distribution systems for heroin and cocaine
  • Discuss the history of organized labor in America
  • Explain the relationship between organized crime and organized labor
  • Discuss the relationship between Jimmy Hoffa and former Attorney General Robert Kennedy
  • Explain and cite examples of business racketeering
  • Discuss the migration of criminals into legitimate business
  • Discuss organized crime’s participation in various stock fraud schemes
  • Define and explain money laundering and cite examples of laundering techniques

Lecture

Organized Crime Groups Are Not Low-Hanging Fruit

What do we mean by "low-hanging fruit" in relation to organized crime groups? In this lecture, we determine what is meant by this phrase, and identify three generations of street gangs.

Week #8

Module

What is the RICO statute, and why is it such a significant piece of legislation affecting organized crime? This week, we outline the RICO statute and discuss the criticisms related to it. We also identify other statutes, laws, and acts against organized crime and review the challenges organized crime law enforcement faces.

After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the legislation that resulted from the findings presented in the report of the Task Force on Organized Crime
  • Explain how the Internal Revenue Code has been used to combat organized crime
  • Discuss both the criminal and civil forfeiture provisions contained in the various statutes cited in the text
  • Explain conspiracy, including the three types of conspiracy described in the text
  • Explain why the RICO statute is considered the single most important piece of legislation ever enacted against organized crime
  • Discuss the four basic criticisms raised against the RICO statute
  • Discuss how the Consumer Credit Protection Act of 1968 protects consumers
  • Discuss the roles of the various law enforcement agencies in combating organized crime in the United States
  • Explain the various restraints imposed by the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution
  • Explain the exclusionary rule
  • Explain the pitfalls of using informants
  • Discuss how Interpol assists the U.S. in OC law enforcement
  • Discuss the various investigative tools available to OC law enforcement
  • Differentiate transactional immunity and use immunity
  • Explain Conspiracy Law and RICO
  • Define forfeiture
  • Discuss constitutional restraints
  • Explain restriction legislation

Lecture

Organized Crime Statutes and Law Enforcement

In this lecture, we examine the fallacy of using legislation to prevent organized crime and identify statutes, laws, and acts meant to deter organized crime.

 

 

The course description, objectives and learning outcomes are subject to change without notice based on enhancements made to the course. January 2015