Send More Info
Apply Now
Classroom Login
Call Now
Call Now 855-300-1469

HSC 2204 Emergency Preparedness


Week #1

Module

What is terrorism? It is not an easy term to define as it comes in many forms. This week, we will explore the meaning of terrorism and examine the elements that define modern terrorism. We will also discuss the Aum Shinrikyo attack in Tokyo in 1995.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • Explain the reason terrorism is difficult to define
  • Summarize the impact of context on definitions of terrorism
  • Explain the impact of the Enlightenment on democracy and potential revolutionary thought
  • Summarize the origins of modern terrorism from the Enlightenment through the Napoleonic wars
  • Explain why terrorism became defined as a revolutionary activity after the European experience in 1848
  • Define socialism, anarchism, and communism
  • Summarize the differing meanings of terrorism in Russia from the People's Will through Lenin and Trotsky
  • Summarize the early history of the Irish Republican Army
  • Define selective terrorism as used by Michael Collins

Lecture

Introduction

This lecture provides an overview of what to expect from this course and introduces you to LTC Scott Caldwell.

Lecture

Tokyo, Japan 1995 - Sarin Gas

Explore the tragic events surrounding the gas attack in the Tokyo subway in 1995.

Week #2

Module

What leads people to commit terrorist acts? This week, we will discuss some of the reasons that terrorists commit such horrific acts, as well as the 2008 Attacks in Mumbai, India.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • Outline differing approaches for understanding social reality
  • Define the elements of netwar
  • Describe terrorism as a religious process
  • Define practical criminology as used by security forces
  • Describe the differences between terrorist and criminal behavior
  • Explain the reason terrorists and counter terrorists need to justify violence
  • Summarize studies of the ways terrorist violence is justified
  • Describe three views in the profiling debate
  • Outline differing points of view about radicalization and alienation
  • Summarize rural, urban, and insurgent models of terrorism
  • Trace the evolution of terrorist organizational structures
  • Discuss the challenges involved in leading a terrorist group
  • Describe the issues involved in terrorist financing
  • Describe legal and illegal sources of income
  • Explain the ways funds are disbursed in an underground economy
  • Describe the Hawala system
  • Summarize views on the political economy of terrorism
  • Outline the manners in which drugs and terrorism overlap

Lecture

Mumbai, India 2008 - Armed Assaults

Examine how the Kashmir conflict and religion led to the armed assaults in Mumbai, India in 2008.

Week #3

Module

This week, we will examine the relationship between the media and terrorism as well as the role of women in terror networks.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • Discuss the role of the media in constructing social reality
  • Explain the tension between security forces and the media
  • Describe how the media can be viewed as a weapon
  • Explain how news frames are used to present a story
  • Describe the special relationship between terrorism and television
  • Explain how the Internet has impacted terrorism
  • Summarize various positions about bias in the news media
  • Define the contagion effect
  • Debate the issues of freedom of the press and censorship
  • Summarize the tactics of modern terrorism
  • List and describe four force multipliers
  • Discuss historical and current roles of women in terrorism
  • Outline the tactical importance of female terrorists
  • Define the types of threats posed by technological terrorism
  • Explain the effects of biological, chemical, and radiological weapons
  • Characterize the possibility and possible outcomes of nuclear terrorism
  • Discuss the role of the media as a force multiplier
  • Summarize transnational economic targeting in the tourist, energy, and transportation industries
  • Summarize theories of suicide bombing

Lecture

Beslan, Russia 2004 – Hostage Crisis

Discuss the volatile history of the Russian Chechen conflicts, and how they led to the tragic events in Beslan in 2004.

Week #4

Module

This week, we will examine the differences between endemic, nationalistic, and separatist terrorism.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • Explain the nature and characteristics of nationalistic and ethnic separatist terrorism
  • Describe the emergence of the modern IRA and terrorism in Northern Ireland
  • Outline the basis for negotiating peace in Northern Ireland
  • Summarize the nature of Basque culture and its separateness from Spain
  • Explain the impact of the Spanish Civil War on the Basque region
  • Summarize the birth and evolution of the ETA
  • Explain the rise of the GAL
  • Outline the Spanish government’s approach to Basque separatism
  • Describe the rise of the LTTE and the role of the Tamil Diaspora
  • Summarize the unique aspect of LTTE suicide bombings
  • Describe the end of the LTTE and the danger of possible reconstitution
  • Summarize the EOKA revolt on Cyprus, FLN in Algeria, and Mau Mau in Kenya
  • Explain the danger posed by Russia’s breakaway states
  • Describe the political and security issues surrounding violence in Chechnya
  • Summarize the terrorist issues facing Turkey
  • Describe ethnic tensions in China’s Xinjiang province
  • Explain the rationale behind China’s policy toward Uighar separatism
  • Briefly summarize Sikh separatism in India
  • Define the term endemic terrorism
  • Explain the relative importance of terrorism in light of Africa’s other issues
  • Summarize political conditions in western and central Africa

Lecture

Madrid, Spain 2004 – Train Bombings

Explore the history of the Basques and ETA, and how this, combined with high anti-war sentiment, led to the train bombings in Madrid in 2004.

Week #5

Module

This module discusses the historical aspects of the Middle East and the emergence of militant theology.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • Define the Middle East as a historical, geographical, and cultural metaphor
  • Briefly sketch the origins of Islam
  • Describe the difference between Shiites and Sunnis
  • Explain the emergence of militant theology
  • Discuss the historical significance in the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the birth of Zionism
  • Summarize the impact of World War I on the Middle East
  • Describe the formation of Israel and the Arab-Israeli wars
  • Explain the emergence of terrorism after the 1967 Six Days’ War
  • Briefly sketch the history of modern Iran
  • Describe the rise of Fatah and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
  • Identify factional groups that emerged from squabbles among the Palestinians
  • Discuss the origins and growth of Hezbollah after the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon
  • Explain the current political and military aspects of Hezbollah
  • Outline the impact of the first Intifada and the birth of Hamas
  • Describe the current operational capabilities of Hamas
  • Summarize the tactics of the al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades
  • Summarize controversial Israeli counterterrorist policies

Lecture

Mecca, Saudi Arabia 1979 – Seizure of the Grand Mosque

Examine how the intense climate of revolution surrounding the hostage crisis in Iran led extremists to attack the Grand Mosque in Mecca in 1979. 

Week #6

Module

This week, we will discuss the differences in philosophies between revolutionary and counter revolutionary terrorism.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • Define revolutionary and counter revolutionary terrorism
  • Outline the history, philosophy, and influence of the Tupamaros
  • Summarize the emergence and current status of FARC and the ELN
  • Describe the function and purpose of the MEK
  • Describe the rise, fall, and resurgence of the Shining Path
  • Explain the Maoist rebellion in Nepal
  • Outline the issues surrounding Naxilite terrorism
  • Explain the operations and tactics of the New People's Army
  • Describe the rise, fall, and transformation of revolutionary terrorism in Europe
  • Explain the rise of death squads as a reaction to revolutionary terrorism

Lecture

World Trade Center 1993 – Truck Bombing

Discuss how the World Trade Center bombing in 1993 was the precursor to the events of September 11th, 2001.

Week #7

Module

This week, we will examine the emergence of al Qaeda and jihadist terror networks.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • Describe the rise of religious terrorism and its relationship to the Soviet-Afghan War
  • Summarize the important roles of Osama bin Laden and Ayman al Zawahiri
  • Outline the early history of al Qaeda
  • Explain the structure and operations of al Qaeda until September 11, 2001
  • Describe al Qaeda’s current franchise-style structure and current operational capabilities
  • Outline the operations of franchises including AQAP, AQIM, and al Shabab
  • Summarize al Qaeda’s political theology
  • Describe other forms of terrorism in Pakistan
  • Summarize operations in other parts of Asia and the Pacific

Lecture

Kenya and Tanzania, 1998 – U.S. Embassy Bombings

Explore the events surrounding the embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, and how this event set the stage for more daring al Qaeda attacks.

Week #8

Module

This week, we will define domestic terrorism and left-wing activities, as well as examine the future of terrorism in the world.

After completing this module, the student will be able to:

  • List the factors that improve and inhibit our understanding of domestic terrorism
  • Utilize a typology of criminal extremism to classify domestic terrorism
  • Describe anti-government criminal extremism from right-wing activities
  • Explain the fluctuations in left-wing criminal extremism
  • Summarize extremist crimes motivated by racism
  • Describe threats from homegrown radicalization
  • Define single-issue terrorism
  • Summarize criminal activities supporting ecological extremism
  • Describe the criminal activities involving Puerto Rican nationalism
  • Summarize criminal activities conducted against abortion providers

Lecture

Washington, DC 2002 – DC Sniper

Explore the history and motives that led to the DC sniper attacks, as well as the tragic aftermath.

The course description, objectives and learning outcomes are subject to change without notice based on enhancements made to the course. September 2014