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CRM 3522 Community Corrections

Course Description

Overviews the various theories and practices involved in community corrections. Discusses policy impact on society, victims, offenders, and families.

Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, students should be able to

  • Explain the purpose of community-based corrections
  • Define the contents of a presentence investigation report
  • Demonstrate how to conduct a presentence investigation
  • Evaluate the selection process for employment in community-based corrections
  • Differentiate between the different types of supervision styles
  • Identify and explain various intermediate sanctions
  • Effectively develop a risk assessment
  • Discuss revocation and modification procedures for supervision
  • Formulate prerelease plans
  • Apply the various supervision styles
  • Identify models of parole release decisions
  • Define juvenile justice terminology
  • Summarize the civil rights affected by conviction

Week 1

Lecture: An Overview of Community Corrections: Goals and Evidence-Based Practices
Lecture: Pretrial Release and Diversion


  • Describe how correctional agencies and programs carry out the conditions or sentence imposed by the court
  • Define corrections
  • Explain the purpose of corrections
  • Explain the purpose of community corrections
  • Examine sentencing policies
  • Explain how sentencing policies have contributed to the growth of community corrections
  • Identify various types of community corrections programs
  • Distinguish the difference between pretrial release and diversion
  • Determine eligibility for diversion
  • Explain how release decisions are made
  • Summarize the challenges faced by pretrial programs
  • Understand the purpose of drug courts and mental health courts
  • Explain how drug courts and mental health courts are a form of diversion

Week 2

Lecture: Sentencing and the Presentence Investigation Report
Lecture: How Probation Developed: Chronicling Its Past and Present


  • Define the legal factors in granting community sentences
  • Explain the purpose of the Presentence Investigation Report
  • List the contents of the Presentence Investigation Report
  • Evaluate how the Presentence Investigation Report is prepared by way of an investigation interview, verification, and evaluative summary
  • Interpret the legal issues regarding the Presentence Investigation Report
  • Evaluate the criticisms of the Presentence Investigation Report
  • State the social and legal history of probation
  • Recognize the founders of probation
  • Explain the evolution of supervision philosophies
  • Explain how probation is organized
  • Describe how probation operates
  • Appraise how Community Corrections Acts contribute to community supervision programs
  • Evaluate how the working styles of probation officers has changed

Week 3

Lecture: Classification and Supervision: Techniques of Evidence-Based Practices
Lecture: The Career Pathway of a Community Supervision Officer


  • Discuss the importance of caseload classification in identifying risk and needs
  • Describe classification techniques that lead to defining the level of supervision
  • Explain the purpose and development of the treatment plan
  • List the principles of effective correctional intervention
  • Interpret how workload allocation is important for caseload management
  • Provide examples of offenders on specialized caseloads
  • Describe the necessary characteristics and qualifications for caseload management
  • Explain the important issues surrounding orientation to a career in community corrections
  • Analyze the perspectives and criticisms of probation agencies
  • Examine transfer of jurisdiction and supervision regulations
  • Understand selection and appointment procedures

Week 4

Lecture: Probation Modification and Termination
Lecture: Residential Community Supervision Programs


  • Identify how probation conditions are modified
  • Judge the circumstances applied to the modification of probation conditions
  • List the types of in-house intervention options available for resistant probationers prior to revocation
  • Explain the reasons for revoking probation
  • Analyze the rights probationers have during the revocation process
  • Explain the effectiveness of probation
  • Recognize the functions of residential community corrections facilities
  • Describe the purposes of residential community corrections facilities
  • Discuss the effectiveness of residential community corrections programs for high risk offenders
  • List the most common types of residential facilities in the community
  • Explain why they are the most common

Week 5

Lecture: Nonresidential Community Supervision Programs
Lecture: Economic and Restorative Justice Reparations


  • Evaluate the following sanctions: intensive supervision probation, house arrest, electronic monitoring, and day reporting centers
  • Illustrate the services offenders pay for
  • Explain how those monthly payments reduce operating costs
  • Discuss the use of technology
  • Evaluate completion rates for programs and supervision
  • Compare how restorative principles and practices differ from traditional criminal justice practices
  • Explain the following restorative justice practices: offender mediation, victim impact classes, family group conferencing, and circle sentencing
  • Discuss the effectiveness and criticisms of those sanctions
  • Compare the different monetary sanctions used in conjunction with restorative sanctions
  • Examine intervention techniques for failure to pay monetary sanctions

Week 6

Lecture: The History of Parole: From its Origin to the Present
Lecture: Preparing for Prisoner Reentry: Discretionary Parole and Mandatory Release


  • Explain how transportation and ticket-of-leave influenced the development of parole
  • Describe Alexander Maconochie’s impact on parole
  • Discuss the contributions of Walter Crofton and Zebulon Brockway
  • Discuss the history of parole
  • Evaluate contemporary parole
  • Examine the criticisms of parole
  • Distinguish the roles of discretionary parole and mandatory supervised release
  • Examine offender preparation for reentry while incarcerated
  • Discuss how reentry affects the prisoner, community, and the prisoner’s family
  • Explain mandatory supervision
  • Explain discretionary parole
  • Illustrate due process in parole selection
  • Interpret appellate court decisions regarding parole

Week 7

Lecture: Parole Conditions and Revocation


  • Explain the limitations of parole conditions
  • Compare and contrast services provided to parolees
  • Recognize how parole functions to protect society
  • Demonstrate the reasons parolees violate the conditions of their parole
  • Explain why parolees abscond from supervision
  • Explore ways to decrease supervision violations and absconding
  • Discuss the variables used to predict recidivism

Week 8

Lecture: Collateral Consequences of Conviction, Pardon, and Restoration of Rights
Lecture: Juvenile Justice, Probation, and Parole


  • Explain the history of the juvenile justice system
  • Understand what parens patriae means
  • Describe the influence of parens patriae
  • Analyze the similarities and differences between the juvenile and adult justice systems
  • Describe how a juvenile is processed through the system
  • Identify the basics of juvenile probation
  • Identify the basics of juvenile aftercare
  • Compare and contrast the various ways to transfer juveniles to adult courts
  • Compare how civil and political rights differ
  • Explain how civil disabilities vary from one state to another
  • Describe how rights are lost as a result of conviction
  • Summarize passed sex offender registration and notification laws
  • Discuss expungement
  • Explain the importance of expungement
  • Differentiate between the different types of pardons

The course description, objectives and learning outcomes are subject to change without notice based on enhancements made to the course. April 2012